Papillomas and genital warts are caused by different types of human papillomavirus (HPV). Currently, there are about 100 of them. This infection is characterized by extremely high contact: according to the latest statistics, about 90% of the world’s population are its carriers.
Stages of development and types of HPV
Human papillomavirus has 3 stages of development — latent (hidden), subclinical, and clinical. In the vast majority of cases, the first two pass completely unnoticed by us and can be detected only by means of special laboratory tests.
We notice that something is wrong only when a specific formation on the body has already appeared on the skin. Depending on their appearance and location, they are divided into warts, papillomas, and condylomas (the latter are also caused by viral papillomas or genital warts). All they represent an infectious benign neoplasm of the skin.
For this reason alone, human papillomavirus can’t be ignored — any neoplasm is fraught with the potential danger of malignancy. Especially if it is injured, squeezed, irritated, etc. And considering that warts, especially condylomas, located in the genital area, are also very contagious, the need for treatment of HPV becomes obvious. Scientists claim that at least 50% of women leading a normal sex life are infected with one or several types of genital HPVs, which in turn poses a threat not only to them but also to their future children.
Treatment of papillomas
To date, there are no drugs that guarantee 100% treatment of papillomavirus. However, you can tame the infection if you use a comprehensive treatment approach. Modern medicine has developed several methods of dealing with HPV.
The destructive method aimed directly at removing the neoplasm. This can be achieved with the help of the following methods: electrotherapy; cryotherapy; laser therapy; radiosurgery; surgical method; chemical method.
The doctor will offer a certain type of removal for each specific case. The only drawback of the destructive method is that eliminating a papilloma or a wart directly, it doesn’t affect virus and is unable to prevent relapse.
There are also therapeutic methods for treating human papillomavirus. There are two types of them. The first consists in the use of local and systemic immune preparations (but only after a mandatory assessment of the immune status).
The second method is therapy with interferons and proteins, specialized in dealing with any infectious agents in the human body. Moreover, the doctor can prescribe apoptosis inducers — specialized drugs that trigger the programmed death of infected HPV cells.
Of course, the drug therapy of papillomavirus is carried out strictly according to the indications and under the constant supervision of immunologists and virologists.