20 Apr Surgical removal of skin formations
Nevi, warts, papillomas, polyps — all these are benign neoplasms that have many causes for their appearance. The desire to remove them often occurs in people for aesthetic reasons, since they worsen the appearance if they are located on open areas of the body.
However, there is another important reason for removal — this is the probability of their malignant rebirth. This is why it is so important to know the signs of malignancy of neoplasms. These include:
- the appearance of a bumpy surface;
- increase in size;
- itchy sensations;
- puffiness, hyperemia around the hearth;
- changing the hue.
Another reason for removing the neoplasm is its location in places that are most often subject to friction. This may be the area of the cuffs, collar, belt, or bra. Due to frequent friction, they are injured, inflamed, bleed, and can become infected, which is accompanied by the release of pus.
In addition, removal is required when such formations are located on the scalp, in areas that require frequent shaving (armpits, chin in men).
Papillomas are often localized in the neck, chest, and armpits. Warts can often be found on the palms, soles, and fingers, but moles can be located almost everywhere. As for polyps, they are found on the mucous membranes of organs, such as the stomach, intestines, and uterus, so they require a separate approach to treatment.
The medical “Health of the capital” employs qualified specialists with long experience. Here you can consult a gynecologist, dermatologist, urologist, surgeon, otolaryngologist, proctologist, and others. X-ray, ultrasound, and laboratory tests are used for diagnostics.
Before proceeding to the removal of the neoplasm, the dermatologist conducts a thorough examination, based on the results of which they choose the most effective and safe method for the patient. The medical center has everything necessary for the diagnosis and removal of benign formations.
To date, there are several ways to deal with such formations.
Surgical, which involves excision of the formation with a scalpel, after which the wound on the skin is sutured. Manipulation is performed under local anesthesia. After this, a scar may appear on the skin.
Electrocoagulation is a method of removal using a high-voltage electric current. It is fed to the skin through a metal loop, after which the formation is “burned”. After manipulation, a crust remains on the site of current exposure. The disadvantage of the method is the risk of damage to healthy tissue, scar formation, especially if the removal takes place in the facial area.
Cryodestruction is a method that involves cold exposure to the hearth. For this purpose, liquid nitrogen is used, which freezes and destroys the neoplasm. The advantages include the absence of scars after removal. However, it is also difficult for the doctor to choose the strength of the nitrogen action, which can damage healthy tissues.
The laser method involves the “evaporation” of the neoplasm under the influence of a light beam. The advantages include strict exposure exclusively to pathological tissue, no burn, blisters, edema, or pain after removal, instant disinfection of the focus, as well as rapid healing. No scars and areas devoid of pigmentation will be noticed.
The radio wave method is considered a more modern way to deal with such formations. It is based on the influence of high-frequency waves that heat and “burn” the formation. The advantages include safety for healthy tissues, the absence of scars, and bleeding since, at the time of tissue processing, single-stage coagulation of damaged blood vessels is performed.