Papillomas and warts are common skin diseases caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). To date, scientists have found more than 600 strains of papillomaviruses, and several dozen of them can provoke the appearance of various neoplasms. In some cases, the treatment of papillomas is required, especially if there is a high risk of damage to them. There are various ways to do this.
The cause and features of warts and papillomas
Infection with the virus occurs in various ways (during sexual contact, during childbirth from mother to child, through wounds, scratches, and abrasions, etc.). Many people are carriers, since the virus, being in the body, does not cause disease. Quite often, there are cases of self-healing. But if the immune system cannot cope with the virus, then papillomas and warts develop.
Papillomas are small soft formations on the skin of flesh or brown color with a smooth surface up to 10 mm. Externally, they somewhat resemble moles but have a different nature of origin. For formations characterized by the presence of pedicles, they always protrude above the skin. They are most often observed in the face, neck, armpits, genitals. There have spherical, filamentous, flat, and other shapes.
Warts are also benign growths from 2 to 10 mm caused by HPV. They differ from papillomas by their rough surface, clear borders, and color variation — from light gray to black. They are flat, common, plantar, thread-like, and so on. They appear on the fingers, head, back, and legs.
Removing warts and papillomas
The appearance of warts and papillomas, especially in large numbers, is already a reason to visit a dermatologist. The intensity of their growth depends on the age and state of the immune system. The removal of formations is prescribed in such cases:
- warts and papillomas are located in places with the risk of increased trauma and in the folds of the skin;
- many people decide to remove formations that are located on open areas of the body and look unsightly;
- remove papillomas and warts necessary if they increase in size, grow, change color, density, texture.
Many people are interested in how to remove a wart at home. Experts strongly recommend not to do this for several reasons:
- only a doctor can correctly determine the nature of the formation (malignant or benign) and decide how to treat it;
- attempts to reduce warts by non-medical methods in almost all cases end in relapses;
- after unprofessional removal of formations, scars and skin pigmentation are often left;
- independently, papillomas and warts are removed using various aggressive means, which can lead to the appearance of burns on healthy tissues.
Only a specialist decides how to remove a papilloma or wart in each specific case.